The photography of Lewis Carroll

Lewis Carroll published his classic book Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland in 1865. Almost 150 years later films and plays are made regularly.
Carroll was also an amateur photographer. He produced in his life more than 3,000 negatives, which was obviously a huge number in those days. He photographed landscapes, architecture, and he made portraits.

“”From his shoulder Hiawatha
Took the camera of rosewood.
Made of sliding folding rosewood;
Neatly put it all together….
Pushed and pulled the joints and hinges,
Till it looked all squared and oblongs….
This he perched upon a tripod
And the family in order
Sat before him for their picture
Mystic, awful was the process.”

He often portrayed little girls, sometimes nude, sometimes scarcely clothed.
An example is the portrait of Alice Liddell. She was only five years old when she came in contact with the much older Lewis, a friend of the family. He told his famous story to this Alice. Part of the success of Alice in Wonderland can be attributed to the lack of a clear moral. But does the same apply to Carroll?

Alice Liddell

Alice Liddell by Lewis Carroll

I decided to do a little investigation and noticed that most biographies describe him as an a-sexual and innocent man with almost sacred qualities but in a sense still a kid himself. Others bluntly call him a pedophile. The site even put him on the list of the most famous British pedophiles. According to them Carroll tried to hide his monstrous deeds when he destroyed many of his photos. I think the similarities with the stories about Michael Jackson’s alleged pedophilia are striking. While some describe him as a saint, others as a monster. Let’s look at his photos and maybe we get a answer on the question who is right and who is wrong.

Let’s focus on the photo of Alice Liddell. We see a young girl probably around six or seven years old. Her whole body is visible and tshe appears to be depicted as a beggar. Her clothes are ripped off artfully. While she holds up her hand for money she is looking at you. She is clearly not a real beggar but a child dressed as one. The question now is whether this is a sexually charged image. Suppose that this is indeed the case. It is not difficult to assume she is looking at you in a seductive way. In combination with the financial aspect of the picture, the hand, it would even suggest that she seems be selling her body. Described this way Lewis Carroll would have portrayed as a prostitute.


The foam of the sea symbolizes sperm


Evelyn Hatch


Xie Kitchin


Olympia by Manet

These colored pictures of Evelyn and Beatrice Hatch and Xie Kitchin seem to confirm my description. Especially since they were made a few years after Manet made Olympia. Manet’s painting of the Parisian prostitute was by the press dismissed as vulgar. Partly because of the way the was addressing the viewer and the fact sex and money were part of the same painting.

But drawing conclusions seems a little too ‘premature’. First, because Carroll these and other pictures made with the consent of and in the presence of the parents of the children. In addition, a girl of that age is not aware of her own sexuality. According to the biographies made by Derek Hudson and Roger Lancelyn Green Carroll himself  was too immature to have such sexual feelings. It also needs to be said that the controversy surrounding these photos seem to have begun much later.

In another biography of Carroll, Karoline Leachs does away with the myth of the a-sexual Carroll as she sums up the many relationships he had with adult females, often married women. Leach also points out that Carroll in his time was controversial because of the relationships he had with these women and not because of the unhealthy relationships he had with children or the photographs he made of them.
Little children were in those times seen as a symbol of innocence or purity and not a symbol of sex and desire.The love that Carroll showed children was even welcomed as a “Christlike renunciation of adult pleasure and the adult world.” For this reason I think people who would have openly accused Carroll for making sexually charged photo’s would be suspected for having immoral feelings himself.

As a provisional conclusion of my little research I think it is quite possible that Carroll had sexual feelings for the girls that he photographed. He made clever use of the fact that children in that time were not associated with adult love and that people will not openly suspect him without being suspected themselves. I think producing these pictures were for him a safe way to satisfy his sexual needs and this certainly doesn’t make him a monster.

Het is altijd leuk om reacties te lezen, dus laat weten wat je er van vindt. Be kind & Play nice.
  1. Wesley says:

    Marilyn Manson made a movie about the life of Lewis Carroll. Check out the trailer:

  2. Edith says:

    I just finished writing an analytical paper about Carroll Lewis short story “The Walrus and The Carpenter”. My conclusion was substituting human behavior with animal imagery was a way of writing about child abuse. Not saying that he was an abuser but he certainly did write about abusing young, naive children. Most shocking of all, I find that he writes males family members knew about it and looked the other way. This is mind blowing…I never would have imagined nor thought I would come to this conclusion.

  3. Paula Benson says:

    taking pictures of children is one thing, taking pictures of little girls primarily, and these little girls, aged seven or eight, posed with their dress tops pushed off the shoulder or in a ‘gypsy’ outfit that is torn and falling off the little girls body is quite another. Come on folks, lets call it what it is…

  4. Toni says:

    Glad to see that at least some recognize Lewis Carroll was a sexual deviant with young girls. The evidence is undeniable: Even without the damning pages from his diary, his obsession and insistence of unchaperoned time with the three small Liddell girls is beyond questionable. Even in the family photos, the mother’s eyes are filled with contempt toward the photographer. She knew. My love for his “Alice in Wonderland” is now filled with wretchedness just imagining how he likely used it as a tool to influence appreciation from the child.

  5. Ed Fields says:

    I find this 21st Century moralizing about times in which we did not live rather dubious and somewhat selfserving. Condemning Lewis Carroll for being a pedophile or, in another case, accusing Robert Johnson, the great blues musician, of being a misogynist denies the prevalent attitudes and realities under which they lived, and makes about as much sense as condemning American Civil War surgeons for not using sterilized tools and antibiotics. Also, the moralizers tend to be white middle class college students with their own agenda, which too often is the need to maintain and propagate their PC world view. As far as I’m concerned, the understanding, knowledge, and motives of people who indulge in that sort of selfrighteous fingerpointing is highly suspect. To add some irony to the mix, people in the future will look back at them-and the rest of us-and wonder how we could be so misguided and downright evil.

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